Results based Approach

Results based Approach

The United Nations Development Group defines results based management as “a management strategy by which all actors, contributing directly or indirectly to achieving a set of results, ensure that their processes, products and services contribute to the achievement of desired results (outputs, outcomes and higher level goals or impact). The actors in turn use the information and evidence on actual results to inform decision-making on the design, resourcing and delivery of programmes and activities as well as for accountability and reporting.

RBM is about selecting a destination first, then deciding on the route, checking against a map and making adjustments as required, in order to achieve the desired results. The RBM approach shifts away from a focus on inputs, activities and processes to a focus on benefits and achievements that are a direct effect of the intervention. RBM also emphasizes using information on results to improve decision making. The RBM approach demands that management continually reflects on the extent to which that implementation of activities and outputs will lead to the achievement of desired outcomes. It is about effectiveness of implementation. Accordingly, management is supposed to continually make necessary adjustments to ensure that planned or desired outcomes or results are realized.

RBM is not a tool; it is a mindset, a way of working that looks beyond processes, activities, products and services to focus on the actual social and economic benefits of projects and programmes at the level of beneficiaries. RBM is a system, and like all systems its components must work harmoniously and cohesively for it to be effective.

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Results Chain – Linking activities to Goals

The Pyramid Principle has the following structure:


Situation / Hypotheses




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